논문 초록

A Novel R Peak Detection Method for Mobile Environments
With the development of the portable electrocardiogram (ECG) sensor, R peaks can be monitored during various physical activities in mobile environment. However, such ECG signals contain realworld noise, complicating the accurate detection of R peak. In this paper, we propose a novel approach for R peak detection in ECG signals with real-world noise by using signal envelop ltering (SEF) and Shannon energy envelope with the SavitzkyGolay lter (SEE-SG). SEF was designed to diminish abrupt peaks due to movement by adjusting its amplitude based on an automatically determined threshold. SEE-SG was used to enhance the QRS-complex. We rst designed the experimental protocol for physical activity (sit, walk, and ascend), namely, normal ECG in a physical activity database, and validated our method by using the ECG data of 23 subjects. Moreover, to avoid overtuning on our database, we validated the proposed method using two public databases: the MIT-BIH QT database (QTDB) and Noise Stress Test Database (NSTDB). The experimental results show promising performance on QTDB (SE and PC: 99.96% and ER: 0.08%), NSTDB (SE: 94.07%, PC: 93.45, and ER: 12.57%), and NPADB (SE: 99.95%, PC: 99.78%, and ER: 0.27%). We also assessed our method by comparing the absolute differences of RR intervals and heart rates between actual and detected R peaks. In conclusion, as the proposed method achieved noise robustness and reliable performance on R peak detection during physical activities, it can be used to monitor a user's ECG and cardiac health information accurately in daily life.
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