Paper Abstract

Obovatol inhibits NLRP3, AIM2, and non-canonical inflammasome activation
Background Obovatol, a biphenolic chemical originating from Magnolia obovata, has been utilized as a traditional medicine for the treatment of inflammatory diseases. Inflammasome induces maturation of inflammatory cytokines in response to intracellular danger signals, and its dysregulation induces inflammatory diseases. Purpose The effect of obovatol on inflammasome activation has not been reported, although its anti-inflammatory properties have been studied. Study design/methods Obovatol was treated to macrophages with inflammasome triggers, and secretions of interleukin (IL)-1β, IL-18, and caspase-1 were measured as readouts of inflammasome activation. In addition, Asc pyroptosome formation, caspase-1 activity, and mitochondrial reactive oxygen species (ROS) production were analyzed in mechanical studies. Anti-inflammasome properties of obovatol were confirmed in an animal model. Results Obovatol inhibited NLRP3, AIM2, and non-canonical inflammasomes through inhibition of Asc pyroptosome formation and mitochondrial ROS generation. In addition, obovatol disrupted the priming step of inflammasome activation and inhibited transcription of inflammatory cytokines. In mice, obovatol attenuated serum IL-1β elevation in response to monosodium urate crystals. Conclusion Obovatol is suggested as an inhibitor of NLRP3, AIM2, and non-canonical inflammasomes.